With ragging and stippling, you can use either a latex paint cut with a latex based glaze, or you can use a oil based glazed tinted with the desired color you want to achieve. For ragging effects, apply a base color followed by the final color/coat. Then, with your choice of a rag, newspaper or plastic bag, dab over the entire surface, playing with the effect until you reach the desired look.
For stippling, apply your base coat, let it dry and then apply a final coat in sections, from the top to the bottom of the wall. Create the desired stipple effect with your choice of brush, again playing with the technique until you get the finish you desire.
Both ragging and stippling are easy faux finishes to master. Have fun with them and do not worry about making mistakes or completing these effects incorrectly. There is no "wrong" way to complete the finish.
To create the dragging effect, you can use a paint brush, stipple brush, an old comb, a small whisk broom or any other implement that will create the uniform lines you are looking to create. Start at the very top and drag your implement down to the very bottom. Then drag up, easing up pressure and lifting the implement off the wall as it passes the area already dragged. As you work, vary this halfway point so the look is smooth and uniform across the entire wall.Keep the brush as dry as possible, as it will absorb the glaze/paint very quickly and you do not want to apply too much material on the surface. If you prefer to have a looser combed look, just hit the wall at random as you work down.
If you are sponging walls, use a latex based paint and thin it slightly with water. If you are working on wood, use a slightly thinned, oil based eggshell that will be more durable. This technique can also be used on smaller objects, such as furniture and pottery.Once your surface has been prepared, begin by pouring some of your paint into a paint tray and dab your dampened sponge into the paint, dabbing off any excess paint prior to application.
Dab the sponge on to the wall, working with constant pressure but varying the angle to avoid making clear patterns. Work as close to the corners as possible. Leave the first color to dry. Ensure that the sponge is clean, then apply the second color or another shade of the same color. Once the second color has dried, you could add another color, or a lighter shade of the original. Remember that the final color will be the dominant color.